Document Detail


Exacerbation of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in the absence of breast regression protein 39/chitinase 3-like 1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23041842     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We previously reported that YKL-40, the human analog of mouse breast regression protein 39 ([BRP-39] chitinase 3like 1), is elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with a variety of neuroinflammatory conditions, such as multiple sclerosis and traumatic brain injury. Expression of YKL-40 in the CNS was predominantly associated with reactive astrocytes in the vicinity of inflammatory lesions. Because previous studies have shown that reactive astrocytes play a critical role in limiting immune infiltration in the mouse model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, we explored the role of BRP-39 in regulatingneuroinflammation in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Using BRP-39--deficient (BRP-39(-/-)) mice, we demonstrate the importance of BRP-39 in modulating the severity of clinical experimentalautoimmune encephalomyelitis and CNS neuroinflammation. At disease onset, absence of BRP-39 had little effect on clinical disease orlymphocytic infiltrate, but by 14 days after immunization, differences in clinical scores were evident. By 28 days after immunization, BRP-39(-/-) mice showed more severe and persistent clinical disease than BRP-39(+/+) controls. Histopathological evaluation showed that BRP-39(-/-) mice had more marked lymphocytic and macrophage infiltrates and gliosis versus BRP-39(+/+) mice. These findings support the role of BRP-39 expression in limiting immune cell infiltration into the CNS and offer a new target to modulate neuroinflammation.
Authors:
Dafna Bonneh-Barkay; Guoji Wang; William A Laframboise; Clayton A Wiley; Stephanie J Bissel
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology     Volume:  71     ISSN:  1554-6578     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-25     Completed Date:  2013-01-17     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985192R     Medline TA:  J Neuropathol Exp Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  948-58     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. dafnabb@yahoo.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Astrocytes / pathology*
Disease Models, Animal
Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental / genetics*,  metabolism,  pathology
Gliosis / genetics,  metabolism,  pathology
Glycoproteins / deficiency*,  genetics*,  metabolism
Mice
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Mice, Mutant Strains
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P30 CA047904/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P30CA047904/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Glycoproteins; 0/chitinase 3-like 1, mouse
Comments/Corrections

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