Document Detail

Evolving informational credentials: the (mis)attribution of believable facts to credible sources.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15030635     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Three studies demonstrate that individuals often rely on a "belief force equals credible source" heuristic to make source judgments, wherein they assume that statements they believe originate from credible sources. In Study 1, participants who were exposed to a statement many times (and hence believed it) were more likely to attribute it to Consumer Reports than to the National Enquirer. In Study 2, participants read a murder investigation article containing evidence against two suspects from credible and noncredible sources. When participants believed a particular suspect to be guilty, they misattributed evidence incriminating that suspect to the high-credibility source. Study 3 demonstrated that this phenomenon occurs because individuals assume their beliefs are true and that true beliefs come from credible sources; when participants were given feedback that their beliefs were incorrect, the relationship between beliefs and source inferences did not occur.
Alison R Fragale; Chip Heath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Personality & social psychology bulletin     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0146-1672     ISO Abbreviation:  Pers Soc Psychol Bull     Publication Date:  2004 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-19     Completed Date:  2004-12-14     Revised Date:  2011-02-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7809042     Medline TA:  Pers Soc Psychol Bull     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Stanford University, Graduate School of Business, Stanford, CA 94305-5015, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Mental Processes*
Social Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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