Document Detail

Evolutionary rescue in vertebrates: evidence, applications and uncertainty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23209171     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The current rapid rate of human-driven environmental change presents wild populations with novel conditions and stresses. Theory and experimental evidence for evolutionary rescue present a promising case for species facing environmental change persisting via adaptation. Here, we assess the potential for evolutionary rescue in wild vertebrates. Available information on evolutionary rescue was rare and restricted to abundant and highly fecund species that faced severe intentional anthropogenic selective pressures. However, examples from adaptive tracking in common species and genetic rescues in species of conservation concern provide convincing evidence in favour of the mechanisms of evolutionary rescue. We conclude that low population size, long generation times and limited genetic variability will result in evolutionary rescue occurring rarely for endangered species without intervention. Owing to the risks presented by current environmental change and the possibility of evolutionary rescue in nature, we suggest means to study evolutionary rescue by mapping genotype → phenotype → demography → fitness relationships, and priorities for applying evolutionary rescue to wild populations.
E Vander Wal; D Garant; M Festa-Bianchet; F Pelletier
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences     Volume:  368     ISSN:  1471-2970     ISO Abbreviation:  Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-04     Completed Date:  2013-05-07     Revised Date:  2014-01-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503623     Medline TA:  Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20120090     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Biological
Biological Evolution*
Conservation of Natural Resources / methods*
Genetic Association Studies
Genetic Fitness
Genetic Variation
Genetics, Population / methods
Population Density
Selection, Genetic*
Stress, Physiological
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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