Document Detail


Evolutionary and plastic rescue in multitrophic model communities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23209166     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Under changing environmental conditions, intraspecific variation can potentially rescue populations from extinction. There are two principal sources of variation that may ultimately lead to population rescue: genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity. We compared the potential for evolutionary rescue (through genetic diversity) and plastic rescue (through phenotypic plasticity) by analysing their differential ability to produce dynamical stability and persistence in model food webs. We also evaluated how rescue is affected by the trophic location of variation. We tested the following hypotheses: (i) plastic communities are more likely to exhibit stability and persistence than communities in which genetic diversity provides the same range of traits. (ii) Variation at the lowest trophic level promotes stability and persistence more than variation at higher levels. (iii) Communities with variation at two levels have greater probabilities of stability and persistence than communities with variation at only one level. We found that (i) plasticity promotes stability and persistence more than genetic diversity; (ii) variation at the second highest trophic level promotes stability and persistence more than variation at the autotroph level; and (iii) more than variation at two trophic levels. Our study shows that proper evaluation of the rescue potential of intraspecific variation critically depends on its origin and trophic location.
Authors:
Caolan Kovach-Orr; Gregor F Fussmann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences     Volume:  368     ISSN:  1471-2970     ISO Abbreviation:  Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-04     Completed Date:  2013-05-07     Revised Date:  2014-01-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503623     Medline TA:  Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  20120084     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Biological*
Animals
Biological Evolution*
Biota*
Computational Biology / methods
Computer Simulation
Food Chain
Genetic Variation*
Herbivory
Models, Biological
Phenotype*
Population Density
Population Dynamics
Predatory Behavior
Stress, Physiological
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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