Document Detail

The Evolutionary History and Palaeo-Ecology of Primate Predation: Macaca sylvanus from Plio-Pleistocene Europe as a Case Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23363585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
In this article we briefly review primate interactions with predators throughout their evolutionary history. Like today, predators of past primates were taxonomically diverse, including crocodilians, aquatic mammals, hyaenids, raptors and other primates. There is strong evidence for felid predation of extinct primates, with most work undertaken on the African Plio-Pleistocene fossil record. Felid predation of Plio-Pleistocene primates from other areas, including Europe, is much less well understood, so we explored co-occurrence and potential interaction between carnivorans (with particular reference to felids) and Macaca sylvanus, which was widespread and present in Europe from the late Miocene to the late Pleistocene. Over its tenure in the fossil record, M. sylvanus co-occurred with a diverse array of carnivorans, including canids and hyaenids, but medium-sized felids probably posed the most significant predation risk. It is likely, however, that human predation was a major factor contributing to macaque extinction in Europe.
Carlo Meloro; Sarah Elton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1421-9980     ISO Abbreviation:  Folia Primatol.     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370723     Medline TA:  Folia Primatol (Basel)     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  216-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Centre for Anatomical and Human Sciences, Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, Hull, UK.
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