Document Detail

Evolution of indirect reciprocity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16251955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Natural selection is conventionally assumed to favour the strong and selfish who maximize their own resources at the expense of others. But many biological systems, and especially human societies, are organized around altruistic, cooperative interactions. How can natural selection promote unselfish behaviour? Various mechanisms have been proposed, and a rich analysis of indirect reciprocity has recently emerged: I help you and somebody else helps me. The evolution of cooperation by indirect reciprocity leads to reputation building, morality judgement and complex social interactions with ever-increasing cognitive demands.
Martin A Nowak; Karl Sigmund
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature     Volume:  437     ISSN:  1476-4687     ISO Abbreviation:  Nature     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-27     Completed Date:  2005-11-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410462     Medline TA:  Nature     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1291-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cooperative Behavior*
Models, Biological

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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