Document Detail

Evolution of atherogenic diets in South Asian and Italian women after migration to a higher risk region.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15647097     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: To identify differences in the evolution of the diets of South Asian and Italian migrants, a cross-sectional, multiethnic study was undertaken in Glasgow, Scotland. METHODS: Five groups of women aged 20-42 years comprising general population (n = 35), South Asian migrants (n = 35) British-born controls (n = 37), Italian migrants (n = 30) and British-born (n = 38) participated in an interviewer administered structured questionnaire on issues relating to health, diet and food selection. Anthropometric measurements were made and subjects completed a 7-day weighed diet inventory. RESULTS: Compared with the general population, dietary differences were greatest amongst first generation migrant groups. There were major differences between the two migrant groups. South Asian migrants tended to display a more atherogenic profile (fat 42.4% energy, saturated fat 15.0% energy, vitamin C 5.1 mg per 1000 kJ) than the general population (fat 39.1% energy, saturated fat 13.5% energy, vitamin C 6.8 mg per 1000 kJ), and Italian migrants (fat 35.7% energy, saturated fat 12.1% energy, vitamin C 10.9 mg per 1000 kJ). However, South Asian groups had higher intakes of polyunsaturated fatty acids which may be cardioprotective. CONCLUSIONS: South Asian migrants to Scotland appear to develop adverse dietary elements in the first generation, which are modified in subsequent generations, whereas Italians' diets remain cardioprotective in the migrant generation but deteriorate in subsequent generations.
A S Anderson; H Bush; M Lean; H Bradby; R Williams; E Lea
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0952-3871     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Nutr Diet     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-13     Completed Date:  2005-04-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904840     Medline TA:  J Hum Nutr Diet     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Public Health Nutrition Research, Department of Medicine, Ninewells Medical University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Asia / ethnology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet / trends*
Diet Records
Diet, Atherogenic*
Emigration and Immigration
Ethnic Groups
Food Habits / ethnology*
Italy / ethnology

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