Document Detail

Evolution of anterior fontanel size in normal infants in the first year of life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19073847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To analyze cranial growth and size of anterior fontanel during the first year of life, we undertook a cohort study with a sample of 33 infants assessed at birth and reexamined at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 12 months. Examination included assessment of head circumference, anterior fontanel size, anteroposterior distance, biauricular distance, and cephalic index. All infants were neurologically normal. Mean size of the anterior fontanel at birth was 1.77 cm(2) and, in disagreement with literature data, fontanel size increased up to 2 months of age; fontanel was closed at 1 year for 27.3% of infants. Significant differences in cranial anthropometry were not found in relation to method of delivery (vaginal or cesarean section), gender and gestational age. Our results indicate the need to reevaluate anthropometric examination data and to establish patterns of normality, particularly for miscegenated populations that have not been widely investigated.
Fleming Salvador Pedroso; Newra Rotta; Aline Quintal; Giovana Giordani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of child neurology     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1708-8283     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Child Neurol.     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-16     Completed Date:  2009-04-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8606714     Medline TA:  J Child Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1419-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Birth Weight
Body Height
Child Development*
Cranial Fontanelles / anatomy & histology*,  growth & development*
Gestational Age
Reference Values
Retrospective Studies

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