Document Detail

Evidence that TRPC1 (transient receptor potential canonical 1) forms a Ca(2+)-permeable channel linked to the regulation of cell volume in liver cells obtained using small interfering RNA targeted against TRPC1.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12720547     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The TRPC1 (transient receptor potential canonical 1) protein, which is thought to encode a non-selective cation channel activated by store depletion and/or an intracellular messenger, is expressed in a number of non-excitable cells. However, the physiological functions of TRPC1 are not well understood. The aim of these studies was to investigate the function of TRPC1 in liver cells using small interfering RNA (siRNA) to ablate the TRPC1 protein. Treatment of H4-IIE liver cells with siRNA targeted against TRPC1 caused an approx. 50% decrease in expression of the human TRPC1 protein in cells transfected with cDNA encoding human TRPC1, and a 50% decrease in expression of the endogenous TRPC1 protein (assessed by Western blot and immunofluorescence). The decrease in endogenous TRPC1 protein in cells transfected with TRPC1 siRNA was associated with a greater increase in cell volume (compared with the increase observed in control cells) immediately after cells were placed in a hypotonic medium, and an enhanced regulatory cell volume decrease after exposure to hypotonic medium. Treatment with siRNA targeted against TRPC1 also led to a 25% inhibition of thapsigargin-stimulated Ca(2+) inflow, a 40% inhibition of ATP and maitotoxin-stimulated Ca(2+) inflow, and a 50% inhibition of maitotoxin-stimulated Mn(2+) inflow. The idea that, in liver cells, TRPC1 encodes a non-selective cation channel involved directly or indirectly in the regulation of cell volume is consistent with the results obtained.
Jinglong Chen; Greg J Barritt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Biochemical journal     Volume:  373     ISSN:  0264-6021     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochem. J.     Publication Date:  2003 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-04     Completed Date:  2003-08-15     Revised Date:  2012-02-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984726R     Medline TA:  Biochem J     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  327-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Transport
Blotting, Western
Calcium / metabolism*
Calcium Channels / genetics,  physiology*
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / metabolism,  pathology
Cell Size
DNA, Complementary / chemistry
Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Ion Channels / metabolism
Liver / drug effects*,  metabolism
Manganese / metabolism
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Precipitin Tests
RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis,  genetics,  metabolism
RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology*
TRPC Cation Channels
Thapsigargin / pharmacology
Tumor Cells, Cultured
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Channels; 0/DNA, Complementary; 0/Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/Ion Channels; 0/RNA, Messenger; 0/RNA, Small Interfering; 0/TRPC Cation Channels; 0/transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily C, member 1; 67526-95-8/Thapsigargin; 7439-96-5/Manganese; 7440-70-2/Calcium

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