Document Detail


Evidence of sperm entry into assumed unfertilized human oocytes after sub-zonal sperm microinjection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8150919     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sub-zonal sperm microinjection (SUZI) as a treatment for male factor infertility can facilitate fertilization, however, in many cases oocytes remain unfertilized even though the sperm is placed in close contact with the oolemma. In order to improve our understanding of gamete interaction in cases of failed fertilization, we have analysed the failed fertilized oocytes from both SUZI and conventional in-vitro fertilization. The fluorochrome Hoechst 33342 (which binds specifically to DNA) was used to check for the possible presence of paternal chromatin in the unfertilized oocytes. A significantly higher (P < 0.01) number of microinjected oocytes showed signs of fertilization 2-3 days after sperm microinjection compared to normally inseminated oocytes, 30/175 (17.1%) and 2/79 (2.5%) respectively. In addition, four out of eight couples returning for a second treatment by SUZI displayed anomalies in fertilization in both cycles. The semen characteristics of patients with or without anomalies in fertilization was not different. The irregularities observed in the fertilization process infer that certain male factor patients have intrinsic sperm anomalies lying at the sperm membrane and/or chromatin level that could lead to anomalies in the appearance of the pronuclei.
Authors:
F Urner; P G Bianchi; A Campana; D Sakkas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human reproduction (Oxford, England)     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0268-1161     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Reprod.     Publication Date:  1993 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-12     Completed Date:  1994-05-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701199     Medline TA:  Hum Reprod     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2167-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Clinique de Stérilité et d'Endocrinologie Gynécologique, Hôpital Cantonal Universitaire de Genève, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cell Nucleus
Chromatin / metabolism
Female
Fertilization in Vitro / methods*
Humans
Male
Microinjections
Micromanipulation
Oocytes / cytology*
Reference Values
Sperm-Ovum Interactions / physiology*
Zona Pellucida
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chromatin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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