Document Detail

Evidence for similar changes in offspring phenotype following either maternal undernutrition or overnutrition: potential impact on fetal epigenetic mechanisms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22394722     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The goal of this review is to shed light on the role of maternal malnutrition in inducing epigenetic changes in gene expression, leading to alterations in fetal growth and development, and to altered postnatal phenotype and the development of metabolic disease. We present evidence supporting the concept that both maternal undernutrition and overnutrition can induce the same cadre of fetal organ and tissue abnormalities and lead to the same postnatal metabolic changes in the resulting offspring. Furthermore, we present evidence that in both overnourished and undernourished ovine pregnancies, fetuses experience a period of nutrient restriction as a result of alterations in placental delivery of maternal nutrients into the fetal compartment. We argue that this bout of reduced fetal nutrition in undernourished and overnourished pregnancies leads to the development of a thrifty phenotype in which the fetus attempts to alter the function of its tissues and organs to maximise its chances of survival in a postnatal environment that is deficient in nutrients. Importantly, we present evidence to support the concept that these phenotypic changes in offspring quality resulting from maternal malnutrition are transmitted to subsequent generations, independent of their maternal nutritional inputs.
S P Ford; N M Long
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction, fertility, and development     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1031-3613     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Fertil. Dev.     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8907465     Medline TA:  Reprod Fertil Dev     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  105-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for the Study of Fetal Programming, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, USA.
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