Document Detail

Evidence for a pathogenic role of omega 6 polyunsaturated fatty acid in the cutaneous manifestations of biotin deficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2303973     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abnormalities in fatty acid composition have been detected in biotin deficiency in humans and in the rat. However, the pathogenetic role of these abnormalities, if any, in the cutaneous manifestations of biotin deficiency is not clear. In a nutrient interaction experiment, we tested the hypothesis that an abnormality of omega 6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolism plays a pathogenetic role in the cutaneous manifestations. Five rats were fed an egg white diet that induces biotin deficiency; these rats developed the characteristic cutaneous abnormalities of biotin deficiency. Five additional rats were pair-fed the egg white diet and received Liposyn [77% linoleic acid (18:2 omega 6)]; these rats did not develop the cutaneous manifestations of biotin deficiency. The two groups had similar decreases in the rates of urinary excretion of biotin, the serum concentrations of biotin, the amounts of biotin in liver, and the hepatic activities of two biotin-dependent carboxylases; the two groups had similar increases in the rates of urinary excretion of 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid. These observations provide evidence that (a) some abnormality in omega 6 PUFA metabolism has a pathogenetic role in the cutaneous manifestations of biotin deficiency and (b) this pathogenetic role can not be explained as a difference in biotin nutritional status due to a biotin-sparing effect of Liposyn.
D M Mock
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0277-2116     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1990 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-03-29     Completed Date:  1990-03-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211545     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  222-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242.
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MeSH Terms
Biotin / blood,  deficiency*,  urine
Body Weight
Fatty Acids, Omega-6
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / metabolism*
Nutritional Status
Rats, Inbred Strains
Skin Diseases / etiology*,  metabolism
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids, Omega-6; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 58-85-5/Biotin

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