Document Detail


Evidence for the importance of openness to experience on performance of a fluid intelligence task by physically active and inactive participants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12495245     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The cross-sectional relationship between exercise training history and performance on a fluid intelligence test was examined. In addition, openness to experience was included as a potential trait-based contributor to predicting cognitive performance. Results supported past literature demonstrating that aerobically trained or active participants performed significantly better on the fluid intelligence task than aerobically untrained or inactive participants. Hierarchical regression analysis results revealed, as predicted, that openness to experience was a significant predictor of fluid intellectual performance. When entered into the hierarchical regression equation, openness to experience accounted for 16.0% of unique variance in Culture Fair Intelligence Test performance. By contrast, participants' exercise training history, which initially and significantly (p < .05) accounted for approximately 12.0% of the variance in cognitive performance, accounted for 5.0% (p > .05) after openness was entered. Participants were, on average, more open than inactive participants. Results are discussed in terms of the possible mechanisms aerobic exercise training and openness to experience share in regard to brain functioning and performance of fluid intelligence tasks. Future research is suggested that examines biological factors known to influence cognitive performance in exercise settings.
Authors:
Marc R Lochbaum; Paul Karoly; Daniel M Landers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research quarterly for exercise and sport     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0270-1367     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-23     Completed Date:  2003-03-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006373     Medline TA:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  437-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock 79409-3011, USA. Marc.Lochbaum@ttu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cognition / physiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Exercise / psychology*
Female
Humans
Intelligence / physiology*
Male
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Physical Fitness / physiology*,  psychology*
Reference Values
Task Performance and Analysis
Temperament / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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