Document Detail


Evidence of biologic epistasis between BDNF and SLC6A4 and implications for depression.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18347599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Complex genetic disorders such as depression likely exhibit epistasis, but neural mechanisms of such gene-gene interactions are incompletely understood. 5-HTTLPR and BDNF VAL66MET, functional polymorphisms of the serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SLC6A4) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, impact on two distinct, but interacting signaling systems, which have been related to depression and to the modulation of neurogenesis and plasticity of circuitries of emotion processing. Recent clinical studies suggest that the BDNF MET allele, which shows abnormal intracellular trafficking and regulated secretion, has a protective effect regarding the development of depression and in mice of social defeat stress. Here we show, using anatomical neuroimaging techniques in a sample of healthy subjects (n=111), that the BDNF MET allele, which is predicted to have reduced responsivity to 5-HT signaling, protects against 5-HTTLPR S allele-induced effects on a brain circuitry encompassing the amygdala and the subgenual portion of the anterior cingulate (rAC). Our analyses revealed no effect of the 5-HTTLPR S allele on rAC volume in the presence of BDNF MET alleles, whereas a significant volume reduction (P<0.001) was seen on BDNF VAL/VAL background. Interacting genotype effects were also found in structural connectivity between amygdala and rAC (P=0.002). These data provide in vivo evidence of biologic epistasis between SLC6A4 and BDNF in the human brain by identifying a neural mechanism linking serotonergic and neurotrophic signaling on the neural systems level, and have implications for personalized treatment planning in depression.
Authors:
L Pezawas; A Meyer-Lindenberg; A L Goldman; B A Verchinski; G Chen; B S Kolachana; M F Egan; V S Mattay; A R Hariri; D R Weinberger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural     Date:  2008-03-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular psychiatry     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1476-5578     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-18     Completed Date:  2008-08-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9607835     Medline TA:  Mol Psychiatry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  709-16     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Genes, Cognition and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acid Substitution
Brain / pathology
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / genetics*
Depression / genetics*,  pathology
Depressive Disorder / genetics*,  pathology
Epistasis, Genetic*
European Continental Ancestry Group / genetics
Gyrus Cinguli / pathology
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Polymorphism, Genetic
Reference Values
Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor; 0/SLC6A4 protein, human; 0/Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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