Document Detail


[Evidence-based medicine teaching activities in the German-speaking area: a survey].
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23415337     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: In the last 15 years Evidence-based Medicine (EbM) has gained much publicity in the German-speaking countries, but it is currently difficult to conclude how much the contents of EbM with its five steps according to Sackett have spread. Data from the year 2006 show that less than half of all medical faculties in Germany have introduced EbM into undergraduate teaching and that there is a shortage in EbM teaching activities for graduates in the German-speaking countries as well. The goal of this survey is to display the undergraduate and graduate Evidence-based Practice teaching activities in the German-speaking countries.
METHODS: In a two-step survey, we first sent out a total of 551 letters to medical faculties, colleges, boards of physicians, the German Hospital Association, the associations of statutory health insurance physicians in Germany, the Medical Service of the German health insurances and asked the 30 participants of the 2011 EbM Academy as key informants in writing to give details about potential providers of EbM teaching activities. Via email we also consulted the members of the German-speaking colleges of general practitioners and family medicine and the German Network for EBM, course participants and contact persons of familiar teaching activities. In a second step a pre-tested detailed questionnaire with 36 items in the five categories framework and structure, participant characterisation, contents and didactics, evaluation and publication, and planning and publicity was sent to potential providers.
RESULTS: Altogether 185 teaching activities were identified, 80 % of which were located in Germany, 13 % in Austria and 7 % in Switzerland. In 82.6 % of the cases it was either a seminar, a course or a workshop with a median of 20 participants and an average duration of 17.9hours. The teaching activities mainly addressed students (63.2 %), physicians (37.8 %), caregivers and members of other health care professions with little or no prior knowledge of EbM. The first three steps of EbM (formulating clinical questions, search for and appraisal of the literature) were taught in more than 75 % of the teaching activities, whereas steps four and five (integration of results, evaluation) were only taught in 53.9 % and 33.3 % of the cases, respectively.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Compared to 2006, a remarkable increase in EbM teaching activities was observed in the German-speaking areas. These activities address different target audiences; the main content focus is on the first steps of EbM.
Authors:
Tobias Weberschock; Joshua Dörr; Arash Valipour; Reinhard Strametz; Gabriele Meyer; Dagmar Lühmann; Johann Steurer; Karl Horvath; Norbert Donner-Banzhoff; Johannes Forster; Karsta Sauder; Günter Ollenschläger
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Zeitschrift für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität im Gesundheitswesen     Volume:  107     ISSN:  2212-0289     ISO Abbreviation:  Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101477604     Medline TA:  Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  ger     Pagination:  5-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier GmbH.
Affiliation:
Arbeitsgruppe Evidenzbasierte Medizin, Institut für Allgemeinmedizin, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt; Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt. Electronic address: tobias@ebmfrankfurt.de.
Vernacular Title:
Evidenzbasierte Medizin in Aus-, Weiter- und Fortbildung im deutschsprachigen Raum: Ein Survey.
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