Document Detail

Evidence for altered transcapillary fluid balance in women with the premenstrual syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8389508     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Redistribution of body fluids has been suggested as a possible pathophysiological mechanism for the premenstrual syndrome (PMS). To elucidate this hypothesis, transcapillary fluid balance was studied in ten women with well defined PMS. Wick-methods were used for measuring colloid osmotic and hydrostatic interstitial pressures on the thorax and on the leg. The capillary filtration coefficient was measured by strain gauge plethysmography. From the follicular to the luteal phase the interstitial colloid osmotic pressure on the leg was significantly reduced (mean 3.6 mm Hg, p = 0.005), whereas the interstitial colloid osmotic pressure on the thorax remained constant. The capillary filtration coefficient increased 30% (mean 5.3 x 10(-4) ml/min/100 gm/mm Hg, p = 0.04) from the follicular to the luteal phase. No change was observed in body weight. These findings indicate an instability of vascular regulation in women with premenstrual syndrome, and lend support to the hypothesis that redistribution of fluid, rather than water retention, is responsible for the subjective symptoms such as bloatedness, in the premenstrual syndrome.
A Tollan; P Oian; H O Fadnes; J M Maltau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0001-6349     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  1993 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-07-08     Completed Date:  1993-07-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  238-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tromsø, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Body Fluid Compartments
Extracellular Space / physiology
Follicular Phase
Leg / blood supply
Luteal Phase
Osmotic Pressure
Premenstrual Syndrome / physiopathology*
Thorax / blood supply
Water-Electrolyte Balance*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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