Document Detail

Evidence for Molecular Differences in Prostate Cancer between African American and Caucasian Men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25056375     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose: To compare the frequency of ERG rearrangement, PTEN deletion, SPINK1 overexpression, and SPOP mutation in prostate cancer in African American and Caucasian men. Experimental design: Dominant tumor nodules from radical prostatectomy specimens of 105 African American men (AAM) were compared to 113 dominant nodules from Caucasian men (CaM). Clinical and pathologic characteristics of the two groups were similar. SPINK1 overexpression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, ERG rearrangement and PTEN deletion by FISH, and SPOP mutation by Sanger sequencing. Results: ERG rearrangement was identified in 48/113 tumors (42.5%) in CaM and 29/105 tumors (27.6%) in AAM (p=0.024). PTEN deletion was seen in 19/96 tumors (19.8%) in CaM and 7/101 tumors (6.9%) in AAM (p=0.011). SPINK1 overexpression was present in 9/110 tumors (8.2%) in CaM and 25/105 tumors (23.4%) in AAM (p=0.002). SPOP mutation was identified in 8/78 (10.3%) tumors in CaM and 4/88 (4.5%) tumors in AAM (p=0.230). When adjusted for age, BMI, Gleason score, and pathologic stage, ERG rearrangement and SPINK1 overexpression remain significantly different (p=0.018 and p=0.008, respectively), and differences in PTEN deletion and SPOP mutation approach significance (p=0.061 and p=0.087, respectively). Conclusions: Significant molecular differences exist between prostate cancers in AAM and CaM. SPINK1 overexpression, an alteration associated with more aggressive prostate cancers, was more frequent in AAM, while ERG rearrangement and PTEN deletion were less frequent in this cohort. Further investigation is warranted to determine if these molecular differences explain some of the disparity in incidence and mortality between these two ethnic groups.
Francesca Khani; Juan Miguel Mosquera; Kyung Park; Mirjam Blattner; Catherine O'Reilly; Theresa Y MacDonald; Zhengming Chen; Abhishek Srivastava; Ashutosh K Tewari; Christopher E Barbieri; Mark A Rubin; Brian D Robinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1078-0432     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Cancer Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502500     Medline TA:  Clin Cancer Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014, American Association for Cancer Research.
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