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An Evidence-Based Approach to the Surgical Management of Pressure Ulcers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22868322     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to use the evidenced-based approach to better understand the surgical management and treatment of pressure ulcers. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pressure sores are a cause of significant morbidity in the medical community. Although there are a multitude of preventative and treatment options, there remains some degree of uncertainty in the literature in defining the best way to treat and manage pressure sores. METHODS: An exhaustive literature search was performed using several electronic databases. The search revealed several identified modalities for treatment of pressure ulcers. We then assessed each modality individually for the level of evidence that exists in the most current literature, with preference given to more recent studies (2005-present). RESULTS: Here, we reviewed the most relevant, high-level evidence that exists for the following modalities for managing pressure ulcers from a surgical perspective: wound cleansers, repositioning, negative pressure therapy, enteral and parenteral feeding, vitamin and mineral supplementation, specialized mattresses, ultrasound therapy, honey, cellular therapy, debridement, ostectomy, and musculocutaneous and fasciocutaneous flap closure. CONCLUSIONS: Although many of the previously mentioned modalities are used, we encourage clinicians and health care providers to consider the evidence-based data when deciding how to most appropriately manage their patient's pressure sores.
Authors:
Steven M Levine; Sammy Sinno; Jamie P Levine; Pierre B Saadeh
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of plastic surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1536-3708     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Plast Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805336     Medline TA:  Ann Plast Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From the Institute of Reconstructive Plastic Surgery, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY.
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