Document Detail

"Everyone knew but no one had proof": tobacco industry use of medical history expertise in US courts, 1990-2002.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17130619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Historians have played an important role in recent tobacco litigation, helping the industry with its defence of "common knowledge" and "open controversy". Historians re-narrate the past, creating an account for judges and juries that makes it appear that "everyone has always known" that cigarettes are harmful, meaning that smokers have only themselves to blame for their illnesses. Medical historians are also employed to argue that "honest doubts" persisted in the medical community long past the 1950s, justifying as responsible the industry's longstanding claim of "no proof" of hazards. The industry's experts emphasise the "good science" supported by the industry, and ignore the industry's role in spreading doubts about the reality of tobacco hazards.
Robert N Proctor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tobacco control     Volume:  15 Suppl 4     ISSN:  1468-3318     ISO Abbreviation:  Tob Control     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-28     Completed Date:  2007-11-07     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9209612     Medline TA:  Tob Control     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  iv117-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
History Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Expert Testimony*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
History, 20th Century
Smoking / adverse effects*,  history*,  psychology
Tobacco Industry / legislation & jurisprudence*
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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