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Event memory and moving in a well-known environment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23757091     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Research in narrative comprehension has repeatedly shown that when people read about characters moving in well-known environments, the accessibility of object information follows a spatial gradient. That is, the accessibility of objects is best when they are in the same room as the protagonist, and it becomes worse the farther away they are see, e.g., Morrow, Greenspan, & Bower, (Journal of Memory and Language, 26, 165-187, 1987). In the present study, we assessed this finding using an interactive environment in which we had people memorize a map and navigate a virtual simulation of the area. During navigation, people were probed with pairs of object names and indicated whether both objects were in the same room. In contrast to the narrative studies described above, several experiments showed no evidence of a clear spatial gradient. Instead, memory for objects in currently occupied locations (e.g., the location room) was more accessible, especially after a small delay, but no clear decline was evident in the accessibility of information in memory with increased distance. Also, memory for objects along the pathway of movement (i.e., rooms that a person only passed through) showed a transitory suppression effect that was present immediately after movement, but attenuated over time. These results were interpreted in light of the event horizon model of event cognition.
Authors:
Andrea K Tamplin; Sabine A Krawietz; Gabriel A Radvansky; David E Copeland
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Memory & cognition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-5946     ISO Abbreviation:  Mem Cognit     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357443     Medline TA:  Mem Cognit     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, 46556, Indiana, atamplin@nd.edu.
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