Document Detail

Evaporative cooling and other home factors and lower respiratory tract illness during the first year of life. Group Health Medical Associates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8610657     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Lower respiratory tract illness (LRI) is associated with exposure to various environmental factors. The relation between home environment and LRI in infants was studied with the use of data from the Children's Respiratory Study in Tucson, Arizona. Healthy infants from a health maintenance organization were recruited at birth (1980-1984). Analysis was restricted to one infant per family, and to those followed through the first year (n=936). Environmental data were collected at enrollment, and clinicians diagnosed LRI according to predetermined criteria. During the first year of life, 196 infants (21%) had wheezing LRI, and 60 (6%) had nonwheezing LRI. The risk of wheezing LRI was higher in infants with evaporative home cooling (24%) than in those without evaporative home cooling (15%) (odds ratio = 1.8, 95% confidence interval 1.1-3.0); this association was stronger among infants who lived with other children in the home. The risk of nonwheezing LRI was associated with parents' rating of neighborhood dustiness, ranging from 5% in the least dusty environments to 12% in the dustiest (p for trend = 0.002). Neither association could be explained by confounding factors. LRI was not related to the type of home heating, cooking fuel, or the numbers of indoor dogs or cats.
M B Aldous; C J Holberg; A L Wright; F D Martinez; L M Taussig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of epidemiology     Volume:  143     ISSN:  0002-9262     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Epidemiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-05-30     Completed Date:  1996-05-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910653     Medline TA:  Am J Epidemiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  423-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Air Conditioning*
Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis*
Confidence Intervals
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Environmental Exposure*
Infant, Newborn
Logistic Models
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Prospective Studies
Respiratory Sounds / etiology
Respiratory Tract Diseases / etiology*
Risk Factors
Grant Support
14136//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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