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Evaluations of pressure-transmitting media for cryogenic experiments with diamond anvil cell.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20059148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The fourteen kinds of pressure-transmitting media were evaluated by the ruby fluorescence method at room temperature, 77 K using the diamond anvil cell (DAC) up to 10 GPa in order to find appropriate media for use in low temperature physics. The investigated media are a 1:1 mixture by volume of Fluorinert FC-70 and FC-77, Daphne 7373 and 7474, NaCl, silicon oil (polydimethylsiloxane), Vaseline, 2-propanol, glycerin, a 1:1 mixture by volume of n-pentane and isopentane, a 4:1 mixture by volume of methanol and ethanol, petroleum ether, nitrogen, argon, and helium. The nonhydrostaticity of the pressure is discussed from the viewpoint of the broadening effect of the ruby R(1) fluorescence line. The R(1) line basically broadens above the liquid-solid transition pressure at room temperature. However, the nonhydrostatic effects do constantly develop in all the media from the low-pressure region at low temperature. The relative strength of the nonhydrostatic effects in the media at the low temperature region is discussed. The broadening effect of the ruby R(1) line in the nitrogen, argon, and helium media are significantly small at 77 K, suggesting that the media are more appropriate for cryogenic experiments under high pressure up to 10 GPa with the DAC. The availability of the three media was also confirmed at 4.2 K.
Authors:
Naoyuki Tateiwa; Yoshinori Haga
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Review of scientific instruments     Volume:  80     ISSN:  1089-7623     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Sci Instrum     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-11     Completed Date:  2010-03-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0405571     Medline TA:  Rev Sci Instrum     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  123901     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan. tateiwa.naoyuki@jaea.go.jp
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