Document Detail

Evaluation of ultrasound velocity to assess the hydration status of wrestlers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20508445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of ultrasound velocity (UV) to detect changes in the hydration status of wrestlers after undergoing acute dehydration and a 2-hour rehydration period. Forty-seven NCAA wrestlers (mean+/-SEM); age 19.1+/-0.2 years, height 1.73+/-0.1 m, body mass (BM) 79.4+/-2.4 kg were tested in euhydrated, dehydrated, and a 2-hours rehydrated conditions. Hydration status was quantified by measuring changes in plasma osmolarity (Posm), urine osmolarity (Uosm), urine specific gravity (Usg), and BM. Ultrasound velocity was measured at 1 MHz using 1.5-microsecond duration tone burst in the soleus muscle. Significant changes (p<0.001) in UV during periods of dehydration (BM change=-3.6+/-0.14%) (UV=+2.18 m.s) and rehydration (BM change=+2.8+/-0.12%) (UV=-2.89 m.s) were found. Significant main effects (p<0.001) were also found for Usg, Uosm, and Posm during dehydration. The change in Posm from the 1 to 2-hour rehydration time period significantly correlated to the change in UV during the same time period (r=0.27, p<0.001). This study demonstrates that changes in UV correspond to the changes of Posm, Usg, Uosm, and BM during acute dehydration and rehydration in collegiate wrestlers. The use of ultrasound measures may have potential application as an alternative field-based method to assess the hydration status of collegiate wrestlers although future research is warranted.
Alan C Utter; Steven R McAnulty; Armen Sarvazyan; Michael C Query; Michael J Landram
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-28     Completed Date:  2010-09-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1451-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health, Leisure, and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Composition
Body Water / ultrasonography*
Muscle, Skeletal
Wrestling / physiology*
Young Adult

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