Document Detail

Evaluation of a two-generation reproduction toxicity study adding endpoints to detect endocrine disrupting activity using lindane.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16641539     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A two-generation reproduction toxicity study in rats adding extra endpoints to detect endocrine disrupting activity was conducted using lindane by dietary administration at 0, 10, 60, and 300 ppm, for investigation of its utility. The extra endpoints included anogenital distance (AGD), nipple development, sexual maturation (vaginal opening and preputial separation), estrous cycle, spermatogenesis, sex organ weights, and blood hormone concentrations (thyroid and sex hormones). F1 offspring were examined for emotionality (open field test), motor coordination (rotarod test), as well as learning and memory (pole-climbing test). Hepatic drug-metabolizing enzyme activities were also measured. The results revealed general toxicological effects on parental animals, influence on reproductive function, and altered development of offspring; however, they did not demonstrate any distinct changes in the extra endpoints for detection of endocrine disrupting activity. Adult toxicity was observed in both F0 and F1 animals, including suppressed body weight gain and reduced food consumption in both sexes, and deaths of females at 300 ppm. Convulsions and irritability were observed during the perinatal period in pregnant F1 females given 300 ppm. Pathological examination revealed increased liver weights and centrilobular hepatocellular hypertrophy in both sexes and generations at 10 or 60 ppm and above; in addition, increased kidney weights and increased hyaline droplets in the proximal tubule epithelium, and basophilic renal tubules in males were noted at 10 ppm and above. Pituitary weights were decreased in F0 females and in F1 males and females and adrenal weights were increased in F1 males and females at 300 ppm; however, no histological changes were observed, and manifestations suggesting endocrine disrupting activity related to these changes were lacking. Hypertrophy of the thyroid follicular epithelium in F0 females at 300 ppm and in F1 males at 60 and 300 ppm, and decreases in T3 and/or T4 in both sexes and generations at 300 ppm were presumed to be secondary changes associated with the induction of hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes. Blood hormone analysis revealed no changes in sex hormones attributable to lindane in males or females. Hepatic drug-metabolizing enzyme activities were increased dose-dependently from 10 ppm in both sexes and generations, with the rise in BROD activity being the most prominent. There were also increases in MROD, EROD, T-6beta-OH, and T4-UDP-GT activities (BROD >> EROD > MROD, T-6beta-OH, T4-UDP-GT). This suggests that while lindane most strongly induces CYP2B, it also upregulates a number of other drug metabolizing enzymes, such as CYP1A, CYP3A, and UDP-GT. As for effects on reproductive function, lack of maternal behavior, including lactation and retrieval behavior, and consequent total litter loss were observed in F1 dams at 300 ppm. There were no effects of lindane on the estrous cycle, spermatogenesis, mating, fertility, pregnancy, or parturition. Neonatal toxicity was observed in both sexes and generations, including suppressed body weight gain at 60 and 300 ppm, and decreased thymus and spleen weights without histological change at 300 ppm. The postnatal survival rate in F2 offspring was decreased due to lack of maternal behavior in dams at 300 ppm.
Ikuo Matsuura; Tetsuji Saitoh; Einosuke Tani; Yumi Wako; Hiroshi Iwata; Naoto Toyota; Yoshihito Ishizuka; Masato Namiki; Nobuhito Hoshino; Minoru Tsuchitani; Yasuo Ikeda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of toxicological sciences     Volume:  30 Spec No.     ISSN:  0388-1350     ISO Abbreviation:  J Toxicol Sci     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-27     Completed Date:  2006-05-12     Revised Date:  2006-12-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805798     Medline TA:  J Toxicol Sci     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  135-161     Citation Subset:  IM    
kashima Laboratory, Mitsubishi Chemical Safety Institute Ltd, 14 Sunayama, Kamisu-shi, Ibaraki 314-0255, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Oral
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Endocrine Disruptors / toxicity*
Endpoint Determination
Lindane / toxicity*
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / chemically induced*
Rats, Inbred Strains
Reproduction / drug effects*
Toxicity Tests, Chronic / methods*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Endocrine Disruptors; 58-89-9/Lindane

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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