Document Detail

Evaluation and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in patients on hemodialysis--single center experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21263415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To evaluate frequency of CVD in dialysis population, in relationship to patients with and without diabetes, and their most common treatment.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 187 patients, 106 males and 81 females, divided in two groups, diabetics and non-diabetics, treated by chronic hemodialysis. Patients' analyses included: anamnesis, ECG, chest X-rays, echocardiogram, laboratory examinations for calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), parathormone (PTH), cholesterol (chol), triglicerids (TG), C-reactive protein (CRP), hemoglobin (Hb) and uric acid. In addition, we analyzed groups of drugs used by patients as prescribed by cardiologists.
RESULTS: Average age was 58.0 years, most of them between 51 and 60. Average hemodialysis length was 4 years. Primary kidney diseases were pyelonephritis and glomerulonephritis. 19,78% of patients had diabetes. 165 patients (88,23%) had one or more cardiovascular diseases. 110 patients (58,2%) had hypertension, most of them used ACE inhibitors. Using test of multiple correlation, statistically significant correlations, among others, were shown between BMI and Ca, uric acid and P, albumin and PTH in diabetics, at the statistical significance level at p < 0.05.
CONCLUSION: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common comorbidity and cause of mortality in hemodialysis population. There was no statistical significance in age, however there is a statistical difference in the dialysis duration variable, but in some biochemical laboratory parameters there was some difference. ACE inhibitors were most commonly used in the treatment of hypertension and systolic dysfunction, alone or with beta-blockers.
Halima Resić; Besim Prnjavorac; Fahrudin Masnić; Selma Ajanović; Nihad Kukavica; Amela Bećiragić
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicinski glasnik : official publication of the Medical Association of Zenica-Doboj Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1840-0132     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Glas (Zenica)     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-22     Completed Date:  2011-09-29     Revised Date:  2013-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101250177     Medline TA:  Med Glas (Zenica)     Country:  Bosnia and Hercegovina    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  158-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Clinic for Hemodialysis, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Cardiovascular Diseases / complications,  diagnosis*,  drug therapy*
Diabetes Complications*
Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*,  therapy
Middle Aged
Renal Dialysis*
Young Adult

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