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Evaluation of transvaginal peritoneal surgery in young female patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23389066     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The transvaginal approach is being used for natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), and reports of the clinical use of transvaginal NOTES have increased rapidly. However, hasty use of a transvaginal route may cause unexpected complications. Infertility or dyspareunia after transvaginal NOTES in young women is one of the most important issues to be resolved. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term complications, including infertility and dyspareunia, after transvaginal peritoneal surgery. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was sent to 73 young patients who had undergone ovarian cystectomy using a transvaginal approach from 2003 to 2011. The questionnaire contained 15 questions; 6 dealt with fertility, and 8 dealt with discomfort after surgery. A 5-point scale was used to evaluate patients' overall satisfaction with surgery. RESULTS: Forty-four (60 %) questionnaires were returned. The patients' mean age was 33.0 years, and the mean postoperative follow-up period was 16.5 months. Of responders younger than age 40 years, 24 did not use contraception, and 9 (38 %) conceived. The pregnancy rate among women younger than age 30 years was 60 %. Two (5 %) women reported temporary dyspareunia 1 month after surgery, but none developed permanent dyspareunia. The average patient satisfaction score was 4.12. CONCLUSIONS: There was no evidence to suggest that transvaginal peritoneal surgery causes infertility or dyspareunia. The majority of patients gave a high evaluation to vaginal ovarian cystectomy, suggesting the usability of a transvaginal approach for intraperitoneal surgery in young premenopausal women.
Authors:
Masaaki Tanaka; Tetsuya Sagawa; Rena Yamazaki; Subaru Myojo; Satoshi Dohi; Masaki Inoue
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgical endoscopy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-2218     ISO Abbreviation:  Surg Endosc     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8806653     Medline TA:  Surg Endosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Kanazawa University, 13-1, Takaramachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, 920-8641, Japan, masaaki@med.kanazawa-u.ac.jp.
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