Document Detail

Evaluation of telomere length in cumulus cells as a potential biomarker of oocyte and embryo quality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23377770     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY QUESTION: Is the relative telomere length in cumulus cells associated with embryo quality and the subject's age?
SUMMARY ANSWER: The relative telomere length in cumulus cells at the time of oocyte collection may be a new potential biomarker for selecting highly competent oocytes and good quality embryos.
WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Telomeres play central roles in aging and in determining cell fate. In mammalian ovarian follicles, maturing oocytes are nurtured and supported by surrounding somatic cells, the mural granulosa and cumulus cells.
STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A total of 350 oocyte-cumulus complex samples were collected from 80 IVF cycles prospectively recruited for this study at the Lee Women's Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.
PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Cumulus cells were manually separated from the oocyte-cumulus complex under a microscope. DNA was extracted from cumulus cells and assessed for telomere length by real-time quantitative PCR. We analyzed telomere length relative to a single copy marker gene (36B4) to evaluate the effect of the real reproductive age of cumulus cells on oocyte and embryo development.
MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: The relative telomere length was longer in cumulus cells from mature oocytes compared with cumulus cells from immature oocytes, and in cumulus cells from good-quality embryos compared with cumulus cells from poor-quality embryos. The cut-off value of the T/S ratio between good and poor-quality embryos on embryonic Day 3 was 4.235.
LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Only a limited number of cumulus cells were measured for each oocyte and the corresponding embryo.
WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: The relative telomere length in cumulus cells at the time of oocyte collection is predictive of highly competent oocytes and good-quality embryos but may not be sufficiently discriminating to be clinically useful.
STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): National Science Council, Taiwan (NSC 97-2314-B-040-018). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
En-Hui Cheng; Shee-Uan Chen; Tsung-Hsien Lee; Yi-Ping Pai; Lii-Shung Huang; Chun-Chia Huang; Maw-Sheng Lee
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-02-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human reproduction (Oxford, England)     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1460-2350     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Reprod.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-19     Completed Date:  2013-09-26     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701199     Medline TA:  Hum Reprod     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  929-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Infertility Clinic, Lee Womens' Hospital, Taichung City 406, No. 263, Bei Tun Road, Taichung, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Markers / metabolism
Cohort Studies
Cumulus Cells / cytology*
Embryo Culture Techniques
Embryo, Mammalian / cytology*
Fertilization in Vitro
Oocyte Retrieval
Oocytes / cytology*
Telomere / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers

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