Document Detail

Evaluation of targeted drenching using Famacha method in Creole goat: reduction of anthelmintic use, and effects on kid production and pasture contamination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17367935     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Haemonchus infection was monitored for 2 years (six kidding periods) in a Creole goat flock grazing under oceanic-tropical climate. Two hundred and thirty individual does were involved from late pregnancy to weaning. Anaemia diagnoses using Famacha method and packed cell volume (PCV) were compared. The best agreement (Kappa=0.33) was found if anaemia was declared when PCV values fell to 16 or below and Famacha score was 4 or 5. Drenching policy according to Famacha method was compared to systematic drenching policy. Using the Famacha method allowed a dramatic decrease in anthelmintic use during the periparturient period (0.57 individual dose instead of three doses for the control). The proportion of the nematode population on the pasture not derived from previously-treated goats (in refugia) was estimated to about 79% (65-90%) of the pasture contamination derived from the Famacha group. On the average, goats which needed to be drenched produced less than the control or undrenched goats (kid average daily gain was decreased by about 15%). The repeatability of the need for drenching individual does was estimated to 0.41. The older goats or the goats in poorer body condition at kidding needed more drenching than the younger animals and the animals in good body condition. Consequently the Famacha method may be used as an additional tool for the culling management.
Maurice Mahieu; Rémy Arquet; Tony Kandassamy; Nathalie Mandonnet; Hervé Hoste
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-03-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary parasitology     Volume:  146     ISSN:  0304-4017     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-13     Completed Date:  2007-08-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7602745     Medline TA:  Vet Parasitol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  135-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
INRA UR 143, domaine de Duclos, 97170 Petit Bourg (F.W.I.), Guadeloupe.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia / diagnosis,  prevention & control,  veterinary
Anthelmintics / administration & dosage*,  therapeutic use
Body Weight
Gastrointestinal Diseases / prevention & control,  veterinary
Goat Diseases / drug therapy*,  parasitology
Haemonchiasis / prevention & control,  veterinary*
Tropical Climate
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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