Document Detail


Evaluation of surgical treatment for signs of acute abdominal pain in draft horses: 72 cases (1983-2002).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16677124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether heavy (> or = 680 kg [> or = 1,500 lb]) draft horses undergoing surgical treatment for acute signs of abdominal pain were at a greater risk for anesthetic and postoperative complications and lower postoperative survival rates than light (< 680 kg) draft horses. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 72 draft horses. PROCEDURES: Medical records of draft horses that underwent exploratory celiotomy for signs of acute abdominal pain from October 1983 to December 2002 were reviewed. Medical records of draft horses in which a celiotomy was performed for correction of reproductive abnormalities were not included in the study. RESULTS: When compared with light draft horses, heavy draft horses had longer durations of anesthesia, more postoperative complications, and lower survival rates. Seventy-six percent of horses that recovered from anesthesia had postoperative complications. Postoperative complications associated with low survival rates included myopathy and neuropathy, ileus, diarrhea, and endotoxemia. All horses with postoperative myopathy and neuropathy died or were euthanized. The short-term survival rate for horses that recovered from anesthesia was 60%. Horses undergoing small intestinal surgery had a worse prognosis for short-term survival than those undergoing large intestinal surgery. The survival rate for horses for which long-term (> 1 year) follow-up information was available was 50%. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Draft horses weighing > 680 kg that underwent surgery because of acute signs of abdominal pain had longer durations of anesthesia, more postoperative complications, and higher mortality rates than draft horses weighing < 680 kg.
Authors:
Ryan Rothenbuhler; Jan F Hawkins; Stephen B Adams; Timothy B Lescun; Ann B Weil; Lawrence T Glickman; John F Fessler; Nita G Glickman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Volume:  228     ISSN:  0003-1488     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-08     Completed Date:  2006-06-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503067     Medline TA:  J Am Vet Med Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1546-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2026, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdominal Pain / surgery,  veterinary*
Acute Disease
Anesthesia / adverse effects,  veterinary*
Animals
Body Weight / physiology*
Female
Horse Diseases / mortality,  surgery*
Horses
Intestine, Large / surgery
Intestine, Small / surgery
Laparoscopy / methods,  veterinary
Male
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology,  mortality,  veterinary*
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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