Document Detail


Evaluation of spray-dried animal plasma and select menhaden fish meal in transition diets of pigs weaned at 12 to 14 days of age and reared in different production systems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9374316     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We conducted two experiments with pigs weaned at 12 to 14 d of age to evaluate the effects of adding spray-dried animal plasma (SDAP) and select menhaden fish meal (SMFM) to the diets fed from 5 to 19 (Exp. 1) and 7 to 21 d (Exp. 2) after weaning. This 14-d period represents the transition from the nutrient-dense diet fed to all pigs after weaning to the simpler corn-soybean meal-based diet fed to all pigs for an additional 14 (Exp. 1) or 7 d (Exp. 2) after the experimental period. Pigs averaged 5 kg at the start of the experimental period. In Exp. 1, pigs had a high health status and were weaned to an off-site nursery (SEW) and fed 12 experimental diets in a 3 (0, 2.5, or 5% SDAP) x 4 (0, 2.5, 5, or 7.5% SMFM) factorial arrangement. Diets were formulated to contain 1.6% lysine and contained 20% dried whey, 5% soybean oil, and 2.5% spray-dried blood meal. The SDAP and(or) SMFM replaced corn and soybean meal on an equal lysine basis. Average daily gain and ADFI were not affected by treatment during any period of the experiment. Gain:feed was improved by the addition of SDAP (linear, P < .05) and SMFM (linear, P < .07) during the period from 5 to 19 d. Over the 33-d experiment, SDAP and SMFM improved (linear, P < .05) gain:feed. In Exp. 2, pigs were weaned on-site to an all-in/all-out by room nursery and fed diets identical to those fed in Exp. 1, with 0 or 2.5% SDAP and 0, 2.5, or 5% SMFM in a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement. The addition of 2.5% SDAP improved ADG and gain:feed during the period from 7 to 14 d (P < .05) and 0 to 28 d (P < .10), but not over the period from 7 to 21 d. The addition of SMFM did not affect ADG during any period, but it resulted in a quadratic improvement in gain:feed during the periods from 7 to 14 (P < .05) and 7 to 21 (P < .10) d. These results suggest that high-health SEW pigs respond less to SDAP and SMFM in the transition diet than pigs with a lower health status reared in an on-site nursery. The data further suggest that formulation of transition diets should consider the type of production system if pig performance and diet cost are to be optimized.
Authors:
J R Bergström; J L Nelssen; M D Tokach; R D Goodband; S S Dritz; K Q Owen; W B Nessmith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1997 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-01-27     Completed Date:  1998-01-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3004-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506-0201, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aging / physiology
Animal Husbandry / methods*
Animals
Animals, Newborn / physiology*
Diet / veterinary*
Fish Products / standards*
Health Status
Plasma*
Random Allocation
Soybeans / standards
Swine / growth & development,  physiology*
Weaning*
Zea mays / standards

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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