Document Detail


Evaluation of a spontaneous canine model of immunoglobulin E-mediated food hypersensitivity: dynamic changes in serum and fecal allergen-specific immunoglobulin E values relative to dietary change.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12211274     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of the pilot study reported here was to evaluate serum and fecal total and allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) responses to dietary change in five Maltese x beagle dogs with suspected food hypersensitivity, compared with those of five clinically normal dogs. Clinical parameters (pruritus, otitis, and diarrhea) improved in the Maltese x beagle dogs during feeding of a novel diet, and signs were exacerbated by oral allergen provocation. Relative concentrations of serum and fecal wheat-, corn-, and milk-specific IgE were determined by use of an ELISA. The onset of clinical signs of disease was accompanied by an increase in serum allergen-specific IgE concentrations. In contrast, changes in clinical signs of disease or allergen-specific IgE values were not seen in the control group undergoing the same regimen. Total serum IgE concentration was measured by use of the ELISA, and comparison with known quantities of a monoclonal IgE allowed absolute values to be reported. Values were high in the Maltese x beagle colony (7 to 34 microg/ml), compared with those in the control dogs (0.7 to 6 microg/ml). Total serum and total fecal IgE concentrations did not change in either group during the study. Although allergen-specific IgE was detected in the feces of both groups, significant interassay variability made interpretation of the results difficult. The authors concluded that these Maltese x beagle dogs satisfied the currently recognized clinical criteria for the diagnosis of canine food hypersensitivity. Furthermore, the clinical and serologic responses seen in these dogs in response to oral allergen provocation suggest that this may be a useful model for the study of spontaneous food hypersensitivity.
Authors:
Hilary A Jackson; Bruce Hammerberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative medicine     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1532-0820     ISO Abbreviation:  Comp. Med.     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-04     Completed Date:  2003-06-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100900466     Medline TA:  Comp Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  316-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Comparative Allergy Program, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27606, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Diet*
Disease Models, Animal
Dogs*
Feces*
Female
Food Hypersensitivity / immunology*,  veterinary
Humans
Immunoglobulin E / blood*,  immunology
Male
Milk / immunology
Otitis Externa / immunology
Pilot Projects
Skin Diseases / immunology,  veterinary
Zea mays / immunology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
37341-29-0/Immunoglobulin E

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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