Document Detail

Evaluation of slower-growing broiler genotypes grown with and without outdoor access: sensory attributes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16523636     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Consumer interest in organic and natural poultry production is growing. An experiment was conducted to assess the impact of genotype and outdoor access on sensory attributes of broiler meat. One slow-growing genotype (S), 2 medium-growing genotypes (M1 and M2), and a commercial fast-growing genotype (F) were raised (straight-run) for 81, 67, or 53 d, respectively. The placement dates were staggered to achieve a similar final BW, and each genotype was processed on the same day. Each genotype was assigned to 3 pens of 24 birds each, and all birds were raised in indoor floor pens in a naturally ventilated facility. The S and F genotypes were also assigned to 2 floor pens with outdoor access (during daylight hours) containing 36 birds each. All birds were provided with the same starter, grower, and finisher feeds, and birds were commercially processed. Breast and thigh meat were evaluated for sensory attributes and acceptability by a consumer panel. The M1 and M2 breasts were more tender than other indoor genotypes (P < 0.05); however, all treatments scored "slightly to moderately tender." The thigh meat of the M2 birds was more flavorful than that of S birds (P < 0.05), and the flavor of the S thigh meat was less liked than other indoor genotypes (P < 0.05). Outdoor access did not impact flavor. These data indicate that differences in sensory attributes may exist among genotypes with different growth rates and reared with or without outdoor access.
A C Fanatico; P B Pillai; L C Cavitt; J L Emmert; J F Meullenet; C M Owens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-09     Completed Date:  2006-04-14     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  337-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 72701, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Husbandry / methods
Chickens / genetics*,  growth & development*
Housing, Animal*
Physical Exertion

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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