Document Detail

Evaluation of the sensitivity of scout radiographs on unenhanced helical CT in identifying ureteric calculi: a large UK tertiary referral centre experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22665926     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Unenhanced helical CT for kidney, ureter and bladder (CT KUB) has become the standard investigation for renal colic. This study aims to determine the sensitivity of scout radiographs in detecting ureteric calculi using CT KUB as a standard reference.
METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive patients who presented with acute flank pain and were investigated using CT KUB. 201 patients with positive ureteric calculi were included. Two radiologists independently reviewed the scout radiographs with access to CT KUB images. Each observer recorded the presence or absence of calculi, location, size and mean Hounsfield units of each calculus.
RESULTS: 203 ureteric calculi were analysed from 201 patients. The overall sensitivity of scout radiographs for Observer A was 42.3% and for Observer B 52.2%, with an interobserver reliability κ-value of 0.78. The significance of mean Hounsfield units and size between two groups of patients with visible stones and those not visible were tested; the p-value for both variables was <0.0001, which is statistically significant. The study found that calculi in the upper ureter and larger than 4 mm are more likely to be seen on the scout radiograph.
CONCLUSIONS: Usage of CT scout radiography should be encouraged and reported routinely in conjunction with CT KUB as a baseline for treatment follow-up.
W W Yap; J C Belfield; P Bhatnagar; S Kennish; T M Wah
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of radiology     Volume:  85     ISSN:  1748-880X     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Radiol     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-05     Completed Date:  2012-08-06     Revised Date:  2013-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373125     Medline TA:  Br J Radiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  800-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Clinical Radiology, St James University Hospital, Leeds, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Great Britain
Middle Aged
Referral and Consultation
Retrospective Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity
Tomography, Spiral Computed*
Ureteral Calculi / radiography*
Young Adult

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