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Evaluation of scooters using ANSI/RESNA standards.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24301438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To date, only one research study has evaluated how scooters respond to static and dynamic stability. However, no other studies have evaluated how scooters respond to adverse conditions and how they perform in all standard tests. A selection of 12 three-wheeled scooters was tested according to American National Standards Institute/Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America (ANSI/ RESNA) wheelchair standards. Scooter models included the Victory, Gogo, Golden Companion (GC) I, and GC II. Victory and GC II were the most stable scooters. The Gogo scooters were the least dynamically stable. Five scooters (3 Gogo, 1 GC I, 1 GC II) failed the environmental condition tests. All GC I and II scooters failed parts of the power and control system tests. All scooters passed static and impact tests; however, all Gogo scooters and one GC II scooter had structural or motor failure during durability tests. The scooter models' survival life ranged from 62,512 to 1,178,230 cycles out of the 400,000 needed to pass the test. Tiller failures (typically tiller tube snapping) occurred with an average of 1,483 N force applied to the tiller structure. Our results indicate that these commercially available devices may not meet ANSI/RESNA standards. In addition, the tiller test should be conducted with scooters to further ensure their safety and durability and should use a test dummy with weight capacity according to the mobility device capacity.
Authors:
Ana E Souza; Jonathan L Pearlman; Rosemarie Cooper; Annmarie Kelleher; Benjamin Gebrosky; Rory A Cooper
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of rehabilitation research and development     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1938-1352     ISO Abbreviation:  J Rehabil Res Dev     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8410047     Medline TA:  J Rehabil Res Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1017-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Department of Veterans Affairs, Pittsburgh, PA.
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