Document Detail


Evaluation of the role of alpha-1 and alpha-2 adrenoceptors in the maintenance of neurogenic tone to the hindlimb vasculature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3016243     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The location of two distinct subtypes of alpha adrenoceptors on blood vessels is now well established. The present study was designed to assess the relative contribution of alpha-1 and alpha-2 adrenoceptors to the maintenance of sympathetic vasoconstrictor tone to the canine hindlimb. Bilateral hindlimb perfusion was carried out at controlled flow rates where one of the hindlimbs was neurally intact and the other limb was denervated surgically. Vascular resistances in the hindlimbs were evaluated by pressure-flow curves which were constructed by recording perfusion pressures at various flow levels. Administration of alpha-1 adrenoceptor antagonist, prazosin (50 micrograms/kg), which selectively inhibited the hindlimb vasoconstrictor effect of phenylephrine but not of B-HT 933, produced a significant decrease in the hindlimb vascular resistance in the innervated limb. This was reflected in a decrease in perfusion pressure and a downward shift of the pressure-flow curve of 30% from control. No changes in resistance occurred in the denervated limb. The alpha-2 adrenoceptor antagonist, yohimbine (100 micrograms/kg), which selectively antagonized vasoconstriction to B-HT 933 but not to phenylephrine, further decreased by 27% hindlimb vascular resistance in the innervated limb when given to the same group of prazosin-treated animals. The magnitude of the decrease in vascular resistance produced by yohimbine (27%) was similar to that caused by prazosin (30%). The vascular resistance in the innervated limb was now similar to that in the denervated limb after prazosin and yohimbine. Phentolamine, when administered after prazosin and yohimbine, did not produce any changes in the hindlimb vascular resistance in these dogs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
A T Hamed; B S Jandhyala; M F Lokhandwala
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics     Volume:  238     ISSN:  0022-3565     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.     Publication Date:  1986 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-09-17     Completed Date:  1986-09-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376362     Medline TA:  J Pharmacol Exp Ther     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  599-605     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Azepines / pharmacology
Blood Vessels / innervation*
Denervation
Dogs
Female
Hindlimb / blood supply
Male
Norepinephrine / pharmacology
Phentolamine / pharmacology
Phenylephrine / pharmacology
Prazosin / pharmacology
Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha / classification,  drug effects,  physiology*
Vascular Resistance / drug effects
Vasoconstriction / drug effects
Yohimbine / pharmacology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-07434/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Azepines; 0/Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha; 146-48-5/Yohimbine; 19216-56-9/Prazosin; 36067-73-9/B-HT 933; 50-60-2/Phentolamine; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 59-42-7/Phenylephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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