Document Detail

Evaluation of relationships among national colorectal cancer mortality rates, genetic lactase non-persistence status, and per capita yearly milk and milk product consumption.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17044769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of mortality in Western countries. Its putative pathogenesis revolves around genetic and environmental factors, particularly diet. One of the most studied dietary factors, dairy product intake, is still debated as a protective agent. The role of lactose as a candidate prebiotic (stimulating lactic acid bacteria) and its relation to genetic lactase non-persistence (LNP) status has not been evaluated. We undertook a review and analysis of national per capita dairy product consumption, national LNP prevalence, and national CRC mortality rates (CRCM) to determine whether relationships existed among these variables. Data on these three items were obtained from the available literature. A negative binomial regression model was used to compare national LNP status with national CRCM rates for three time periods. Pearson correlation was used to compare national per capita dairy food intake with national CRCM rates for the approximate midpoint time period of reviewed articles. We found that there was a significant positive correlation between per capita dairy food intake and CRCM rates. However, there was also a significant negative correlation between national LNP prevalence and CRCM rates. Population-based studies supported the suggestion that in both homogeneous high and homogeneous low prevalence LNP countries characterized by low and high dairy food intake respectively, dairy food consumption exerted a protective effect against CRC and CRCM rate. Because some population studies contradict the hypotheses that dairy food intake promotes CRC or that LNP status protects against CRC, we hypothesize that dairy food consumption may operate by two distinct mechanisms--one that operates at low doses in LNP subjects and another in high doses in non-LNP subjects.
Andrew Szilagyi; Usha Nathwani; Christina Vinokuroff; José A Correa; Ian Shrier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition and cancer     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0163-5581     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Cancer     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-18     Completed Date:  2007-02-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905040     Medline TA:  Nutr Cancer     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, The Sir Mortimer B Davis Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology,  mortality*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dairy Products / statistics & numerical data*
International Agencies
Lactase / genetics,  metabolism*
Lactose Intolerance / genetics,  physiopathology*
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Sentinel Surveillance
Statistics, Nonparametric
Survival Rate
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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