Document Detail

Evaluation of rabbit auricular chondrocyte isolation and growth parameters in cell culture.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17293128     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Auricular cartilage is an attractive potential source of cells for many tissue engineering applications. However, there are several requirements that have to be fulfilled in order to develop a suitable tissue engineered implant. Animal experiments serve as important tools for validating novel concepts of cartilage regeneration; therefore rabbit auricular chondrocytes were studied. Various parameters including isolation procedures, passage number, rate of proliferation and gene expression profile for major extracellular matrix components were evaluated in order to assess the potential use of elastic chondrocytes for tissue engineering. Chondrocytes were isolated from rabbit ear cartilage and grown in monolayer cultures over four passages. Yields of harvested cells and proliferation were analysed from the digestion step to the fourth passage, and changes in phenotype were monitored. The proliferation capacity of cell cultures decreased during cultivation and was accompanied by enlargement of cells, this phenomenon being especially evident in the third and fourth passages. The expression of cartilage specific genes for collagen type II, aggrecan and cartilage non-specific collagen type I was determined. The mRNA levels for all three genes were obviously lower in the primo culture than immediately after isolation. During subsequent cultivation the expression of collagen type II decreased further, while there were only slight changes in expression of aggrecan and collagen type I. This study provides a valuable basis for testing of different tissue engineering applications in rabbit model, where auricular chondrocytes are considered as cell source.
M Fröhlich; E Malicev; M Gorensek; M Knezević; N Kregar Velikonja
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-12-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell biology international     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1065-6995     ISO Abbreviation:  Cell Biol. Int.     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-04     Completed Date:  2007-07-09     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9307129     Medline TA:  Cell Biol Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  620-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Educell d.o.o., Letaliska cesta 33, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
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MeSH Terms
Aggrecans / genetics,  metabolism
Cell Count
Cell Culture Techniques
Cell Proliferation
Cell Separation*
Cell Survival
Chondrocytes / cytology*
Collagen Type I / genetics,  metabolism
Collagen Type II / genetics,  metabolism
Ear Cartilage / cytology*
Flow Cytometry
Gene Expression Regulation
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aggrecans; 0/Collagen Type I; 0/Collagen Type II

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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