Document Detail


Evaluation of pressure and durability of a low-cost wheelchair cushion designed for developing countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12799609     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pressure sores are a medical problem for wheelchair users worldwide. In developing countries this problem is more critical because of lack of access to specialized technologies and medical assessment. Seat cushions to relieve pressure represent one of best ways to prevent pressure sores for people with spinal cord injury, amputation, cerebral palsy, and other disabilities that require use of wheelchairs for long periods of time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of a low cost cushion, called the Tuball, designed for low-income communities in developing countries. The Tuball is made from bicycle inner tubes and plastic balls. Its durability and pressure-relieving characteristics were compared with the ROHOTM cushion and the foam cushions now used in Brazil. A sample of 30 participants tested the three cushions: 15 persons with paraplegia and 15 matched able-bodied persons evaluated the capacity of the cushions to distribute pressure. This study also addressed the use of samples of persons without disabilities to test wheelchair cushions.The Tuball cushion provided significantly better pressure distribution than the foam cushion. A t-test was used to compare disabled persons and non-disabled persons as samples in testing cushions. No difference between pressure distribution between non-disabled and disabled participants was found in testing the ROHO cushion or the foam cushion. However, both capacities of pressure distribution and HICPR varied between non-disabled and disabled participants for the Tuball cushion. To determine the useful life of the Tuball cushion, a fatigue test was conducted to simulate sitting and transfer. Both the Tuball and ROHO cushions withstood the equivalent of at least 1 year of use, whereas the foam cushion broke down.
Authors:
Evandro Guimaraes; William C Mann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of rehabilitation research. Internationale Zeitschrift für Rehabilitationsforschung. Revue internationale de recherches de réadaptation     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0342-5282     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Rehabil Res     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-11     Completed Date:  2003-12-09     Revised Date:  2009-11-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805421     Medline TA:  Int J Rehabil Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  141-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Florida, 101 S. Newell Road, Box 100164, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Brazil
Case-Control Studies
Developing Countries
Equipment Design
Humans
Male
Materials Testing*
Paraplegia / rehabilitation
Pressure Ulcer / prevention & control*
Wheelchairs / economics*,  standards

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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