Document Detail

Evaluation of a pregnancy prevention programme using the Contraceptive Behavior Change model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18173736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: This paper is a report of the findings of a study to examine the effects of application of the Contraceptive Behavior Change model on knowledge, attitudes, perceived benefits and barriers, self-efficacy (SE), stages of change (SOC) and contraceptive behaviours. BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy is a global issue; it is also a concern for the military, as it impacts on mission readiness. Effective sexuality education programmes are needed but, to date, an evaluation of existing programmes using a conceptual model is lacking in the health literature. METHOD: A sample of 198 single, junior enlisted females was randomly recruited from United States of America Navy ships. An experimental design was adopted. The experimental group received two class sessions, 2 months apart, while the control group received none. The variables measured were: knowledge, attitudes, perceived benefits and barriers, SE, SOC and contraceptive behaviours. Data were collected on three separate occasions at 2-month intervals over a 4-month period in 2004-2005. RESULTS: Initially, a striking lack of knowledge was evident among study participants. The experimental groups' knowledge increased statistically significantly with repeated interventions, while the control group's knowledge did not change over the same period. Both groups started with no pregnancies, and at the end of the study, the pregnancy rate between the two groups was statistically significant: experimental group 0%, and control group 14%. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention led to increased knowledge, which in turn led to avoidance of pregnancy. The proposed model was appropriate for the evaluation and consequently can be considered as an effective tool to use for development or refinement of existing programmes.
Min S Chung-Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of advanced nursing     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0309-2402     ISO Abbreviation:  J Adv Nurs     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-04     Completed Date:  2008-05-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7609811     Medline TA:  J Adv Nurs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-91     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Naval Hospital Camp Pendleton, Camp Pendleton, California, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Contraception / psychology*
Contraception Behavior / psychology*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Military Personnel / psychology
Models, Psychological
Pregnancy / statistics & numerical data
Sex Education
Sexual Behavior
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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