Document Detail


Evaluation of positive expiratory pressure as an adjunct to chest physiotherapy in the treatment of cystic fibrosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3296295     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It has been suggested that positive expiratory pressure may assist the clearance of bronchial secretions in the treatment of cystic fibrosis. It has been compared with currently used postural drainage techniques. Three treatment regimens were compared in 18 patients with cystic fibrosis. Treatment A consisted of breathing exercises emphasising inspiration, interspersed with the forced expiration technique in gravity assisted positions; treatment B comprised breathing exercises with positive expiratory pressure alternating with the forced expiration technique in the same gravity assisted positions; and treatment C comprised breathing exercises with positive expiratory pressure and the forced expiration technique in the sitting position. During treatment A a significantly greater quantity of sputum was produced than during treatments B and C (p less than 0.025 and p less than 0.001 respectively). Treatment B produced more sputum than treatment C (p less than 0.005). There were no significant differences in arterial oxygen saturation, FEV1 or forced vital capacity. Most adolescent and adult patients are able to carry out their treatment independently using gravity assisted positions, breathing exercises emphasising inspiration, and the forced expiration technique. Sputum clearance was less effective when positive expiratory pressure was included in the treatment regimen.
Authors:
J L Hofmeyr; B A Webber; M E Hodson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Thorax     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0040-6376     ISO Abbreviation:  Thorax     Publication Date:  1986 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-07-23     Completed Date:  1987-07-23     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417353     Medline TA:  Thorax     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  951-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Clinical Trials as Topic
Cystic Fibrosis / physiopathology,  therapy*
Female
Humans
Male
Physical Therapy Modalities / instrumentation,  methods*
Positive-Pressure Respiration*
Random Allocation
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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