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Evaluation of lipid damage related to pathological and physiological conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23030235     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Several diseases and xenobiotics are known to generate reactive species that may trigger oxidative stress when not properly scavenged by the antioxidant defenses and result in tissue damage. We investigated lipid peroxidation (LPO) as a possible mechanism for tissue damage in some pathologies, in the normal aging process, and in subjects exposed to organic solvents. Plasmatic malondialdehyde (MDA) was quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography with visible wavelength detection in 239 subjects and divided into the following: acute myocardium infarction (AMI), diabetes without complications (D) and hemodialysis (HD) patients; into healthy children, adults, and elderly, all nonexposed to xenobiotics; and into painters occupationally exposed to organic solvents (P). Troponin, glycated hemoglobin, and transminases [aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase] were analyzed. An increase in LPO was observed in AMI, D, HD, and P groups, when compared to healthy adults. No correlation between MDA and age was found. Further, we found positive correlations between MDA versus troponin (r = 0.47), MDA versus HbA1c (r = 0.56), and MDA versus AST (r = 0.41) in AMI, diabetics, and painters, respectively. This work has demonstrated increased lipid and protein damages in myocardium and blood, along with an alteration of hepatic transaminase activities and induction of LPO, suggesting that MDA levels are important to evaluate the extent of tissue alterations and development of acute and chronic conditions.
Authors:
Solange Cristina Garcia; Denise Grotto; Rachel Picada Bulcão; Angela Maria Moro; Miguel Roehrs; Juliana Valentini; Fernando Araújo de Freitas; Clovis Paniz; Guilherme Borges Bubols; Mariele Feiffer Charão
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and chemical toxicology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-6014     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Chem Toxicol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801723     Medline TA:  Drug Chem Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Toxicology Laboratory, Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analysis, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul , Porto Alegre, RS , Brazil.
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