Document Detail

Evaluation of instruments for measuring the burden of sport and active recreation injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20092366     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sport and active recreation injuries are common. Participants are generally young, healthy and physically active individuals and as a result their injuries can have long-ranging effects for both the individuals and society. Accurate and appropriate measurement of the outcomes of sport and active recreation injuries is essential for understanding the time frame and quality of recovery, and quantifying the burden of these injuries. The WHO has developed a framework that can be used for studying health-related outcomes called the International Classification of Function (ICF). As such, the ICF is a useful tool for assessing the suitability of outcome measures for general sport and active recreation populations. This article provides a review of outcome measures that are potentially suitable for use in a general sport and active recreation injury population, assessed within the framework of the ICF. An extensive literature search was performed to identify instruments used in sport and active recreation (and general) injury populations that would be suitable for measuring the outcomes and burden of sport and recreation injuries and return to physical activity. The search identified six health status and health-related quality-of-life (HR-QOL) measures and five functional outcome measures. Of the outcome measures reviewed, the Short Form-36 was the most commonly used and covered many of the areas relevant to a sport and active recreation population. The comprehensiveness of the Sickness Impact Profile-36 meant that it contained many relevant items; however, its usefulness is limited by its high level of responder burden. The Musculoskeletal Functional Assessment provided a detailed measure of function, appropriate to a sport and active recreation population, and the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended can provide a suitable global measure of function. The Short International Physical Activity Questionnaire is a potential means of measuring return to physical activity for this group. There are no outcome measures specifically designed to measure outcomes in a general sport and active recreation population. There are, however, existing measures that when used in combination have the potential to provide a comprehensive assessment of injury outcomes in this group. Future research should focus on validating existing measures suitable for a sport and active recreation population as well as developing an ICF sport and active recreation core set of items. An ICF core set would assist researchers and clinicians in selecting the combination of outcome measures most appropriate to their needs as well forming the basis for the development of a specific sport and active recreation outcome measure.
Nadine E Andrew; Belinda J Gabbe; Rory Wolfe; Peter A Cameron
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1179-2035     ISO Abbreviation:  Sports Med     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-22     Completed Date:  2010-03-12     Revised Date:  2013-05-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412297     Medline TA:  Sports Med     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  141-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Injuries / physiopathology*
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)*
Quality of Life
Sports Medicine / instrumentation*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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