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Evaluation of an individual sleep intervention programme in people undergoing peritoneal dialysis treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23145513     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate effects of a non-pharmacological intervention on sleep, activity and fatigue in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis by the use of both actigraphy registration and self-assessed questionnaires.
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is estimated to affect up to 60% of haemo- and peritoneal dialysis patients. It is associated with two common uremic symptoms, pruritus and restless legs syndrome. To our knowledge, no interventions have been evaluated by actigraphy.
DESIGN: A prospective multiple baseline single-case experimental design.
METHODS: Two women and seven men with sleep problems, 48-77 years, treated with PD participated in a 17-week study from January 2009 to February 2011. Two interventions were separately implemented. First, a pressure-relieving mattress and second, a four week individual sleep hygiene and sleep scheduling intervention. The two interventions were evaluated both objectively by actigraphy and subjectively by questionnaires.
RESULTS: A total of 315 sleep-wake cycles from nine individuals were evaluated. Three patients improved clinically significantly in five or more of the nine outcomes, i.e. sleep onset latency, nocturnal sleep duration, numbers and duration of napping, movement and fragmentation index, number of steps, metabolic equivalent unit, sleep efficiency and fatigue. The other six patients also showed improvements but to a lesser degree. Physical activity advice was the intervention that yielded most sleep improvements.
CONCLUSIONS: This study illuminates the need for regular assessment of sleep and tiredness. It also demonstrates how a non-pharmacological treatment and self-management can be applied with renal supportive care to improve sleep quality.
RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: This study is a clinical example of a non-pharmacological intervention with supportive care and self-management. This model can improve health and reduce the pharmacological burden because hypnotics can be replaced by sleep hygiene self-care activities.
Authors:
Pia Yngman-Uhlin; Anders Fernström; Sussanne Börjeson; Ulla Edéll-Gustafsson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical nursing     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1365-2702     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Nurs     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9207302     Medline TA:  J Clin Nurs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3402-17     Citation Subset:  N    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Division of Nursing Science, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
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