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Evaluation of hemostatic balance in blood from patients with polycythemia vera by means of thromboelastography: The effect of isovolemic erythrocytapheresis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22098131     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Polycythemia vera (PV) is associated with an increased frequency of thrombotic complications. This study was undertaken to evaluate the hemostatic balance in the blood of PV patients by means of thromboelastography (TEG). The effect of isovolemic erythrocytapheresis (ECP) on the hemostasis of PV patients was also studied. We assessed the coagulation status of 76 PV patients undergoing ECP and 50 of healthy controls. TEG measurements were performed immediately before and after the ECP procedure. Coagulation was triggered by recalcification in freshly collected citrated blood. We recorded clotting time (R), alpha angle, and maximum amplitude (MA) of the clot. The results presented here show that, compared with healthy controls, PV patients demonstrated an increase in alpha angle (p < 0.005) and in MA (p = 0.14). In the subgroup of PV patients with high (>440 × 10(9 )l(-1)) platelet (PLT) count, differences in MA (p < 0.01) and alpha angle (p < 0.001) were more significant. Following ECP procedure, a significant (p ≤ 0.01) reduction of R time, a rise of alpha angle, and MA were observed, indicating augmentation of a hypercoagulable state. In PV patients, the rise in alpha angle positively correlated (r = 0.549) with platelet count but not with the number of erythrocytes and leukocytes. Following ECP, this correlation was reduced (r = 0.382). Dilution (with saline) of blood from PV patients and of healthy controls, to a degree similar to that used during the ECP procedure, resulted in reduction of R and rise of the alpha angle. In conclusion, TEG measurements show that the majority of PV patients demonstrate abnormal hemostasis in which a major role is played by platelets rather than plasma factors. The hypercoagulable state in PV patients is significantly augmented following the ECP and may be related to the hemodilution intrinsically included in this procedure. TEG may help to assess the thrombotic risk in individual PV patients.
Authors:
Tomasz Rusak; Michal Ciborowski; Agnieszka Uchimiak-Owieczko; Jaroslaw Piszcz; Piotr Radziwon; Marian Tomasiak
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Platelets     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1369-1635     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208117     Medline TA:  Platelets     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Chemistry, Medical University of Bialystok , Bialystok , Poland.
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