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Evaluation of glycated hemoglobin and fetal hemoglobin-adjusted HbA1c measurements in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23350671     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: As the presence of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) affects the accuracy of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) analysis methods, HbA1c measurement may not be a good indicator for patients with neonatal diabetes mellitus, whereas glycated albumin (GA) may be a good indicator. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether total glycated hemoglobin (GHb) or HbF-adjusted HbA1c (adj-HbA1c) can act as a glycemic control marker in infants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Plasma glucose (PG), GA, HbF, GHb measured using the affinity method, and HbA1c measured using the latex-immunoturbidimetry (LA) or the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods were determined in 26 full-term newborn infants aged 4-234 d. Adj-HbA1c was calculated as HbA1c/(total Hb - HbF). RESULTS: GHb, adj-HbA1c measured using the LA and the HPLC methods were 4.8 ± 0.5%, 4.5 ± 0.5%, and 4.7 ± 0.6%, respectively. GA was most positively correlated with PG (r = 0.696, p < 0.0001). GHb was positively correlated with both PG (r = 0.479, p = 0.013) and GA (r = 0.727, p < 0.0001). Adj-HbA1c measured using the LA method was positively correlated with GA (r = 0.465, p = 0.017), but not PG (r = 0.304, p = 0.132). Adj-HbA1c measured using the HPLC method was correlated with neither PG (r = -0.077, p = 0.710) nor GA (r = 0.360, p = 0.071). CONCLUSIONS: GHb measured using the affinity method may be a useful glycemic control marker in infants. Although adj-HbA1c measured using the LA method was correlated with GA, it may not be a practical measure because it was not correlated with PG and determining HbF levels using HPLC method can be troublesome. Adj-HbA1c measured using the HPLC method should not be used as a glycemic marker in infants.
Authors:
Shigeru Suzuki; Masafumi Koga; Noriyasu Niizeki; Akiko Furuya; Kumihiro Matsuo; Yusuke Tanahashi; Etsushi Tsuchida; Fumikatsu Nohara; Toshio Okamoto; Ken Nagaya; Hiroshi Azuma
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric diabetes     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1399-5448     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Diabetes     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100939345     Medline TA:  Pediatr Diabetes     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Asahikawa Medical University, 2-1-1-1 Midorigaoka Higashi, Asahikawa, 078-8510, Japan.
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