Document Detail

Evaluation of full-term infants fed an evaporated milk formula.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9183479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this prospective, cohort study was to compare the nutritional status of full-term infants who were fed human milk (BF, n = 29), formula (FF, n = 30) or evaporated milk formulae (EM, n = 30) for at least 3 months. Infants were seen at enrollment, 3 and 6 months, at which times a blood sample, diet record and anthropometric data were collected. Infants in the EM group received solids earlier (12 +/- 5 weeks) than did FF infants (15 +/- 4 weeks), and both were earlier than BF infants (19 +/- 4 weeks). Only 26% of the EM fed group received iron supplements as ferrous sulphate drops. Seven BF, 12 FF and 20 EM had abnormal ferritin values (< 10 ng ml-1) at 6 months. Copper intake was lower in the EM infants at 3 and 6 months. However, plasma copper and erythrocyte copper zinc superoxide dismutase (ZnCuSOD) levels did not differ between groups. Selenium intake was lower in the EM group (5 +/- 1 and 10 +/- 5 micrograms d-1; 3 and 6 months) than in the FF infants (13 +/- 4 and 19 +/- 7 micrograms d-1; 3 and 6 months). Erythrocyte SeGHSPx levels in EM infants were lower at 6 months (EM, 33.2 +/- 3.4; FF. 35.2 +/- 3.9: BF, 36.1 +/- 3.8 mU mg Hb-1). Thiamin intake (0.99 +/- 0.08 and 1.24 +/- 0.32; 3 and 6 months, mg 1000 kcal-1) was higher in the FF group than in EM infants (0.38 +/- 0.39 and 0.66 +/- 0.38; 3 and 6 months). There were more (13%) abnormal thiamin assays in the EM group at 6 months than in the BF and FF infants (0%). In conclusion, infants fed evaporated milk formula receive adequate copper but may not receive enough thiamin or selenium. Unless supplemented from birth with medicinal iron, intakes of iron will be inadequate.
J K Friel; W L Andrews; B S Simmons; M R L'Abbe; C Mercer; A MacDonald; U R McCloy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-08-04     Completed Date:  1997-08-04     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  448-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Diet Records
Energy Intake*
Food, Formulated*
Hemoglobins / analysis
Infant Food*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Milk, Human*
Nutritional Status*
Prospective Studies
Trace Elements / blood
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins; 0/Trace Elements

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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