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Evaluation of extracts and essential oil from Callistemon viminalis leaves: Antibacterial and antioxidant activities, total phenolic and flavonoid contents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23870467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Callistemon viminalis (C. viminalis) leaves.
METHODS: The essential oil of C. viminalis leaves obtained by hydro-distillation was analyzed by GC/MS. Different extracts were tested for total phenolic and flavonoid contents and in vitro antioxidant (DPPH assay) and antibacterial (agar disc diffusion and 96-well micro-plates methods) actives.
RESULTS: Fourteen components were identified in the essential oil, representing 98.94% of the total oil. The major components were 1,8-cineole (64.53%) and α-pinene (9.69%). Leaf essential oil exhibited the highest antioxidant activity of (88.60±1.51)% comparable to gallic acid, a standard compound [(80.00±2.12)%]. Additionally, the biggest zone of inhibitions against the studied bacterial strains was observed by the essential oil when compared to the standard antibiotic (tetracycline). The crude methanol extract and ethyl acetate fraction had a significant antibacterial activity against the tested bacterial strains.
CONCLUSIONS: It can be suggested that C. viminalis is a great potential source of antibacterial and antioxidant compounds useful for new antimicrobial drugs from the natural basis. The present study revealed that the essential oil as well as the methanol extracts and ethyl acetate fraction of C. viminalis leaves exhibited highly significant antibacterial activity against the tested bacterial strains.
Authors:
Mohamed Zm Salem; Hayssam M Ali; Nader A El-Shanhorey; Ahmed Abdel-Megeed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1995-7645     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian Pac J Trop Med     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101533720     Medline TA:  Asian Pac J Trop Med     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  785-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Forestry and Wood Technology Department, Faculty of Agriculture (EL-Shatby), Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt. Electronic address: zidan_forest@yahoo.com.
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