Document Detail


Evaluation of an exercise-based treatment for children with reading difficulties.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12625376     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An evaluation is reported of an exercise-based approach to remediation of dyslexia-related disorders. Pupils in three years of a Warwickshire junior school were screened for risk of literacy difficulty using the Dyslexia Screening Test (DST). The 35 children scoring 0.4 or over on the DST were divided randomly into two groups matched for age and DST score. One quarter of the participants had an existing diagnosis of dyslexia, dyspraxia or ADHD. Both groups received the same treatment at school but the intervention group used the DDAT exercise programme daily at home. Performance on the DST and specialist cerebellar/vestibular and eye movement tests were assessed initially and after six months. Cerebellar/vestibular signs were substantially alleviated following the exercise treatment whereas there were no significant changes for the control group. Even after allowing for the passage of time, there were significant improvements for the intervention group in postural stability, dexterity, phonological skill, and (one-tailed) for naming fluency and semantic fluency. Reading fluency showed a highly significant improvement for the intervention group, and nonsense passage reading was also improved significantly. Significantly greater improvements for the intervention group than the control group occurred for dexterity, reading, verbal fluency and semantic fluency. Substantial and significant improvements (compared with those in the previous year) also occurred for the exercise group on national standardized tests of reading, writing and comprehension. It is concluded that, in addition to its direct effects on balance, dexterity and eye movement control, the benefits of the DDAT exercise treatment transferred significantly to cognitive skills underlying literacy, to the reading process, and to standardized national literacy attainment tests.
Authors:
David Reynolds; Roderick I Nicolson; Helen Hambly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dyslexia (Chichester, England)     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1076-9242     ISO Abbreviation:  Dyslexia     Publication Date:  2003 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-10     Completed Date:  2003-04-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9511375     Medline TA:  Dyslexia     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  48-71; discussion 46-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Education, University of Exeter, Heavitree Road, Exeter EX1 2LU, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Apraxias / diagnosis,  physiopathology
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis,  physiopathology
Cerebellum / physiopathology
Child
Dyslexia / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Electronystagmography
Female
Humans
Male
Random Allocation
Semantics
Severity of Illness Index
Vestibule, Labyrinth / physiopathology
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Dyslexia. 2003 Aug;9(3):137-9; discussion 167-76   [PMID:  12940295 ]
Dyslexia. 2003 Aug;9(3):140-5; discussion 167-76   [PMID:  12940296 ]
Dyslexia. 2003 Aug;9(3):146-50; discussion 167-76   [PMID:  12940297 ]
Dyslexia. 2003 Aug;9(3):151-60; discussion 167-76   [PMID:  12940298 ]
Dyslexia. 2003 Aug;9(3):161-3; discussion 167-76   [PMID:  12940299 ]
Dyslexia. 2003 Aug;9(3):164-6; discussion 167-76   [PMID:  12940300 ]
Dyslexia. 2003 May;9(2):122-4   [PMID:  12775084 ]
Dyslexia. 2003 May;9(2):124-6   [PMID:  12775085 ]
Dyslexia. 2003 May;9(2):127-33; discussion 134-5   [PMID:  12775086 ]

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