Document Detail

Evaluation of the evidence to support current recommendations to meet the needs of premature infants: the role of human milk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17284767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The beneficial effects of human milk extend to the feeding of premature infants, because their nutrition support must be designed to compensate for metabolic and gastrointestinal immaturity, immunologic compromise, and maternal psychosocial conditions. Significant effects on the recipient host, such as reduction in sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis, have been reported for premature infants fed their mothers' milk. However, nutritional concerns arise because the quantity of nutrients in breast milk may not meet the great nutrient needs of premature infants born weighing <1500 g. Human milk supplements, or fortifiers, are available to augment the nutrient content of unfortified breast milk. Host defense benefits observed in infants fed unfortified human milk also are found in premature infants fed fortified human milk. Availability of milk is an issue for mothers delivering prematurely. Donor pasteurized human milk has been suggested as a proxy for the mother's own milk.
Richard J Schanler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-07     Completed Date:  2007-03-13     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  625S-628S     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Schneider Children's Hospital at North Shore, Manhasset, NY, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Brain / growth & development
Food, Fortified
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Milk, Human*
Nutritional Requirements

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