Document Detail


Evaluation of early healing events around mesenchymal stem cell-seeded collagen-glycosaminoglycan scaffold. An experimental study in Wistar rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20644972     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Tissue engineering using cell-seeded biodegradable scaffolds offers a new bone regenerative approach that might circumvent many of the limitations of current therapeutic modalities. The aim of this experiment was to study the early healing events around mesenchymal stem cell-seeded collagen-glycosaminoglycan scaffolds.
METHODS: The 5-mm critical size defects were created in the calvarial bones of 41 Wistar rats. The defects were either left empty to serve as controls (n = 11), filled with cell-free scaffolds (n = 12), cell-seeded scaffolds that were maintained in standard culture medium (n = 9), or cell-seeded scaffolds that were maintained in osteoinductive factor-supplemented medium (n = 9). The animals were sacrificed at 7 days after surgery, and specimens were prepared for histological analysis. Early healing events such as host cell penetration, blood vessel in-growth, and scaffold integration were observed. The degree of inflammatory cell infiltrate was assessed.
RESULTS: While defects in the control group healed with a thin fibrous tissue, the collagen-glycosaminoglycan scaffold in the test groups preserved the three-dimensional form of the defects. After 7 days in vivo, the scaffold maintained its integrity and appeared populated with host cells. The cell-seeded scaffold induced more inflammatory response compared to the cell-free scaffolds. New blood vessels and areas of early bone formation were also evident in the cell-seeded scaffolds.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the findings show that mesenchymal stem cell-seeded collagen-glycosaminoglycan scaffolds have good tissue tolerance and exhibit an osteoinductive effect as indicated by early stage healing.
Authors:
Mohamed Alhag; Eric Farrell; Mary Toner; Noel Claffey; T Clive Lee; Fergal O'Brien
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-07-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oral and maxillofacial surgery     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1865-1569     ISO Abbreviation:  Oral Maxillofac Surg     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101319632     Medline TA:  Oral Maxillofac Surg     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  31-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, alhagm@tcd.ie.
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